The transformation of sentences means changing its form without altering its sense.
We can change a simple sentence into a compound sentence or a complex sentence. This is done by expanding a word or phrase into a clause.
Similarly, we can change a complex or compound sentence into a simple sentence. This is done by reducing a clause into a word or phrase.
Transformation of Sentences
Affirmative to Negative
Rule 1: Only/alone/merely → Replaced by → None but (person)/ nothing but (things)/ not more than or not less than (number). For example:
- Affirmative: Only God can help us.
- Negative: None but God can help us.
Rule 2: Must →Replaced by → Cannot but/ Cannot help + (v + ing). For example:
- Affirmative: We must obey our elders.
- Negative: We cannot but obey our elders.
- We cannot help obeying our elders.
Rule 3: Both—-and → Replaced by → not only —- but also. For example:
- Affirmative: Both Amit and Ajanta were dancing.
- Negative: Not only Amit but also Ajanta were dancing.
Rule 4: and (if join two words) → Replaced by → Not only —– but also
- Affirmative: She was beautiful and soft spoken.
- Negative: She was not only beautiful but also soft spoken.
Rule 5: Everyone/everybody/every person/ (every + common noun)/all → Replaced by → There is no + attached word + but.
- Affirmative: Everyone loves sweet.
- Negative: There is no one but loves sweet.
Rule 6: As soon as → Replaced by → No sooner had —– Than
- Affirmative: As soon as the students saw the teacher, they ran away.
- Negative: No sooner had the students saw the teacher, than they ran away.
Rule 7: Absolute Superlative degree → Replaced by → No other + attached word + so + positive form + as + subject
- Affirmative: Rajasthan is the biggest state in India.
- Negative: No other state is so big as Rajasthan in India.
Rule 8: Sometimes affirmative sentences are changed into negative by using opposite words. Before the word, off course ‘not’ is used.
- Affirmative: I shall remember
- Negative: I shall not forget
Rule 9: Always → Replaced by → Never
- Affirmative: Rama always attends the class.
- Negative: Rama never misses the class.
Rule 10: Too —- to → Replaced by → so — that + cannot / could not (in past)
- Affirmative: She is too weak to
- Negative: She is so weak that she cannot
Rule 11: As – as → Replaced by → Not less – than
- Affirmative: Sonam was as wise as
- Negative: Sonam was not less wise than
Rule 12: Universal truths are change by making them negative interrogative.
- Affirmative: The Sun rises in the east.
- Negative: Doesn’t the Sun rise in the east.
Rule 13: Sometimes → Replaced by → Not + always
- Affirmative: My son sometimes visits me.
- Negative: My son doesn’t always visit me.
Rule 14: Many → Replaced by → Not a few
- Affirmative: Aruna have many
- Negative: Aruna do not have few friends.
Rule 15: A few → Replaced by → not many
- Affirmative: Bhutan has a few scholars.
- Negative: Bhutan doesn’t have many scholars.
Rule 16: Much → Replaced by → A little
- Affirmative: He has much money.
- Negative: He doesn’t have a little money.
Rule 17: A little → Replaced by → not much
- Affirmative: Drek has a little riches.
- Negative: Drek doesn’t have much riches.
Assertive to Interrogative
Rule 1: If the sentence is in the affirmative you have to change it into negative interrogative. If it is in negative then you have to change it into bare interrogative.
- Assertive: She was very honest.
- Interrogative: Wasn’t she very honest?
- Affirmative: He is not a good human being.
- Interrogative: Is he a good human being?
Rule 2: No auxiliary verb in sentence → Change it by using → Do/does/did Or Don’t/doesn’t/didn’t
- Assertive: He plays Basketball.
- Interrogative: Does he play basketball?
Rule 3: Never → Replaced by → Ever
- Assertive: She never drinks tea.
- Interrogative: Does she ever drink tea?
Rule 4: Everybody /everyone/All → Replaced by → Who + Don’t/Doesn’t/Didn’t
- Assertive: Everyone wishes to be happy.
- Interrogative: Who doesn’t wish to be happy?
Rule 5: Every + noun → Replaced by → is there any + noun + Who don’t/doesn’t/didn’t
- Assertive: Every person wishes to be happy.
- Interrogative: Is there any person who doesn’t wish to be happy?
Rule 6: Nobody / no one / none → Replaced by → Who.
- Assertive: Nobody could count my love for you.
- Interrogative: Who could ever count my love for you?
Rule 7: There is no → Replaced by → Is there any / Who (person) / What (thing)
- Assertive: There is no use of this activity.
- Interrogative: What is the use of this activity?
Rule 8: It is no → Replaced by → Is there any / Why
- Assertive: It is no use of taking unfair means in the exam.
- Interrogative: Why take unfair means in the exam?
Rule 9: It doesn’t matter → Replaced by → what though / Does it matter
- Assertive: It does not matter if you fail in school.
- Interrogative: What though if you fail in school?
Interrogative to assertive is to be done doing Vice versa.
Exclamatory to Assertive
Rule1: Subject and Verb of exclamatory sentence are to be used as the subject and verb of assertive sentence at the outset of the sentence.
How/what → Replace by → Very (before adjective) / Great (before noun)
- Exclamatory: How fortunate Aman is!
- Assertive: Aman is very fortunate.
Rule 2: Sometimes the subject and verb may be eclipsed
- Exclamatory: What a pity!
- Assertive: It is a great pity.
Rule 3: Hurrah / Bravo → Replace by → I/we rejoice that / It is a matter of joy that
- Exclamatory: Hurrah! India has won the game.
- Assertive: It is a matter of joy that India has won the game.
Rule 4: Alas → Replace by → I/we Mourn that/It is a matter of sorrow or grief that
- Exclamatory: Alas! She has failed in the examination.
- Assertive: We mourn that she has failed in the examination.
Rule 5: Had/were/If /would that (at the outset) → Replaced by → I wish + subject again + were/ had + rest part.
- Exclamatory: Had I the wings of a peacock!
- Assertive: I wish I had the wings of a peacock.
Assertive to exclamatory is to be done doing Vice versa.
Imperative to Assertive
Rule 1: Add subject + should in doing assertive
- Imperative: Do the homework.
- Assertive: You should do the homework.
Rule 2: Please/kindly → Replaced by → you are requested to
- Imperative: Kindly, grant me a leave.
- Assertive: You are requested to grant me a leave.
Rule 3: Do not → Replaced by → You should not
- Imperative: Do not run in the afternoon son.
- Assertive: You should not run in the afternoon son.
Rule 4: Never → Replaced by → you should never
- Imperative: Never tell a lie.
- Assertive: You should never tell a lie.
Rule 5: Let us → Replaced by → We should
- Imperative: Let us go out for a picnic.
- Assertive: We should go out for a picnic.
Rule 6: Let + noun/pronoun → Replaced by → Subject + might
- Imperative: Let him play video game.
- Assertive: He might play video game.
Change of Degree
Rule1: If the superlative degree says about the best thing then the rule is:
For comparative use – subject + verb + adjective/adverb (comp. form) + Than any other + rest part
For positive use – No other + rest part after supr. Degree + verb + so/as + positive form of adj/adv + as + sub.
- Superlative: Simar is the tallest girl in the class.
- Comparative: Simar is taller than any other girl in the class.
- Positive: No other girl in the class is as tall as Simar.
Rule 2: If In superlative degree ‘One of the’ is transformed in this way:
Comparative: Sub + verb + comp. form + than most other + Rest part.
Positive: Very few+ rest part after supr. Degree + verb + so/as + positive form of adj/adv + as + sub.
- Superlative: Tansen was one of the greatest poets in Akbar’s court.
- Comparative: Tansen was greater than most other poets in Akbar’s court.
- Positive: Very few poets in Akbar’s court were so great as Tansen.
Note: Superlative: Of all/ of any
Comparative: Than all other/than any other
Positive: It does not exist
- Superlative: Mr. Wan is the oldest of all men in the society.
- Comparative: Mr. Wan is older than all other men in the society.
- Positive: No other man is as old as Mr. Wan.
Rule 3: Simple comparative is transformed into positive by using (not so + adj/adv+as)/ (so+adj/adv+as) if negative. Second noun or pronoun is used first.
- Comparative: Rita is wiser than Mita.
- Positive: Mita is not so wise as Rita.
Rule 4: No/not less — than is transformed into positive by using as + adj/adv + as
- Comparative: Karan is not less hard working than Suman.
- Positive: Karan is as hard working as Suman.