Para Jumble Questions and Answers

Para jumbles are basically jumbled sentences of a particular paragraph. In SSC CGL, you will be given a paragraph but the sentences will be placed in a jumbled manner. It’s up to you to understand the essence and rearrange them logically so that they together make a meaningful paragraph. It’s tricky but not difficult and there are hacks which would assist you in solving this mystery.

Para Jumble Questions and Answers

Keep these important points in your mind while solving Para Jumbles and you are most likely to get around 15 out of 20 questions correct in SSC CGL Tier 2.

The first thing to keep in mind is the logical reference of sentences i.e. understand the role played by a specific sentence. Generally the roles are:

  • Premise
  • Example
  • Continuation
  • Support
  • Conclusion

Once you understand the role you will be able to find the proper sentence that should come before or the one which will follow.

Find the sentence which clearly introduces anyone (person, place, committee, etc.) in the options. That will most likely be the opening sentence.

Words like also, again, generally, later etc. connect statements so whenever you spot these find the linked statement first and easily form a paragraph.

Other examples are as well as, besides, furthermore, in addition, likewise, moreover, similarly, consequently, hence, otherwise, subsequently, therefore, thus, as a rule, for instance, for example, for one thing, above all, aside from, barring, besides, in other words, in short, instead, likewise, on one hand, on the other hand, rather similarly, yet, but, however, still, nevertheless, first of all, to begin with, at the same time, for now, for the time being, in time, later on, meanwhile, next, then, soon, the meantime, , while, earlier, simultaneously, afterward, in conclusion, with this in mind, after all, all in all to sum-up.

Pronouns are used only after the person being talked about has already been introduced. So these are helpful in understand the flow of the para jumbles as well. Ex. he, she, they, it, them, their, him, her etc. when used must have a noun referred to in the previous sentences some where.

Look for key words that are repeated in two consecutive sentences.

If ‘a/an’ and ‘the’ are used for the same noun then the sentence containing a/an will come before the sentence containing ‘the’.

If the abbreviation as well as the full form is present in different sentences, then the sentence containing the full form will come before the sentence containing the abbreviation.

Comparative adjectives like simpler, better, cleverer, etc. always hold on to a relation to other things as they compare two things. Find these and you’ll find the preceding sentence too.

Look for Cause and Effect Approach, i.e., for words or phrases directly indicating that a particular thing causes another or logically determines another.

Ex: in order to, because, consequently, therefore, given, thus, hence etc.

If any of these tricks fail then options are definitely the saving grace in this section if nothing seems right and confusion prevails.

This is the best section to score because you neither need a good vocabulary nor a thorough grammatical sense to solve these. These are mostly about the logic and other simple tricks.

Para Jumble Questions and Answers

Have a look at these examples and questions to understand well.

Example 1

1). But in the industrial era destroying the enemy’s productive capacity means bombing the factories which are located in the cities.

2). So in the agrarian era, if you need to destroy the enemy’s productive capacity, what you want to do is bum his fields, or if you’re really vicious, salt them.

3). Now in the information era, destroying the enemy’s productive capacity means destroying the information infrastructure.

4). How do you do battle with your enemy?

5). The idea is to destroy the enemy’s productive capacity, and depending upon the economic foundation, that productive capacity is different in each case.

6). With regard to defence, the purpose of the military is to defend the nation and be prepared to do battle with its enemy.

  1. 645213
  2. 631254
  3. 452136
  4. 452136

Option(A) is correct

Look at the transition word ‘but’ in the first sentence. It signifies that the sentence is expressing an idea contrary an idea expressed in some previous sentence. Now we need to find that previous sentence.

If we further look at the beginning of the first sentence, it says ‘but in

the institutional era’ which suggests that the contrariness is with respect to eras.

Looking further, we see that sentence 2 and 3 are also starting with statement about eras. But the transition word at the start of 3 is ‘now’ which expresses present era and hence it cannot chronologically come before any other past era. That is, if information era is the present era, talk about any other era will come before this. So sentence 2 is the correct sentence to come before the first sentence.

Likewise, sentence 3 is the correct sentence to come after the first sentence (sentence 3 is continuing the idea).

Therefore, we have the link 213. We see that option A, C and D all have the link 213.

Furthermore, all the three options have the link 5213. Therefore, we only need to arrange 4 and 6.

The sentence 6 states that ‘The purpose is to battle the enemy’ and 4 questions ‘how do you battle the enemy’

Therefore 4 will come after 5.

Hence option A is the correct answer.

Example 2

1). Electronic transactions are happening in closed group networks and Internet. Electronic commerce is one of the most important aspects of Internet to emerge.

2). Cash transactions offer both privacy and anonymity as it does not contain information that can be used to identify the parties nor the transaction history.

3). To support e-commerce, we need effective payment systems and secure communication channels and data integrity.

4). The whole structure of traditional money is built on faith and so will electronic money have to be.

5). Moreover, money is worth what it is because we have come to accept it

  1. 25413
  2. 12534
  3. 45123
  4. 43521

Solution: Option(A) is correct

This paragraph is about cash transaction vis-a-vis electronic commerce. The observation on cash transaction have to precede e-com . Therefore, the paragraph must start with 2. Thus option A is the correct answer.

Example 3

1). Food manufactures spend more on advertising than any other manufacturing group and the nation’s grocery stores rank first among all retailers.

2). Food product lead in expenditures for network and spot television advertisements, discount coupons, trading stamps, contests, and other forms of premium advertising.

3). Foods are overwhelming the most advertised group of all consumer products in the U.S.

4). In other media- newspapers, magazines, newspaper supplements, billboard and radio, food advertising expenditures rank near the top.

  1. 3421
  2. 3241
  3. 3142
  4. 4132

Solution: Option(B) is correct. 2 follows 3 as it confirms the information of the statement in 3. Logically, more the advertisement, more the expenses. In 4 the expenditure mentioned in advertising on food products is further elaborated. 1 sums up the thought. Thus option B is correct

Example 4

1). If you are used to having your stimulation come in from outside, your mind never develops its own habits of thinking and reflecting.

2). Marx thought that religion was the opiate, because it soothed people’s pain and suffering and prevented them from rising in rebellion.

3). If Karl Marx was alive today, he would say that television is the opiate of the people.

4). Television and similar entertainments are even more of an opiate because of their addictive tendencies.

  1. 2134
  2. 1423
  3. 2431
  4. 3241

Solution: Option(D) is correct.

Sentence 2 has Marx (short Form) and sentence 3 has Karl Marx (Full form). So 3 will come before 2. Now in given options A and B and C, we can clearly see that 2 is placed before 3 and hence we reject option A, B and C which leaves us with only option D which is the correct option.

Example 5

1). A difference in the frequency of usage of counter proposing between skilled and average negotiators suggests that counter proposing may not be, as effective one tends to think it would be.

2). I may have suggested that my son buy a pair of trousers at a certain price whereas my son would have made a counter proposal that he would rather buy two pairs at half price each.

3). Research conducted across several negotiators ranging from sales negotiators to purchase and labour negotiators shows that average negotiators tend to counter propose more often than skilled negotiators.

4). This happens in everyday life too.

5). Think back to the last time you were discussing completing an assignment with one of your colleagues : you may have suggested that you both come in on Saturday to finish the work and your colleague may have

counter proposed that you could stay back on Friday evening and finish it instead.

  1. 31452
  2. 52134
  3. 12534
  4. 34521

Solution: Option(D) is correct.

3 is the opening statement. The other statements follow out of 3.

Example 6

1). Ignorance is the opposite of knowledge, i.e., want of knowledge.

2). To deal with uncertainty and ignorance economists have recognized the entrepreneur as possessing this non-rational form of knowledge.

3). Like some ancient priest-king, the entrepreneur ‘knows’ the future and leads his people.

4). Entrepreneurial knowledge is essentially intuitive.

5). It involves seeing and realizing a vision of future markets, products and/or other opportunities.

  1. 32145
  2. 43125
  3. 12453
  4. 45123

Solution: Option(D) is correct

5 uses the pronoun ‘it’ to refer to a non-living antecedent. 1 or 2 cannot be the antecedents as they have multiple subjects which the pronoun it would qualify.

So 5 can either immediately follow 3 or 4. 4 is a general statement and 5 explains it more, so the flow of the passage has to be from 4 to 5, something that is violated in option 5. Hence It refers to Entrepreneurial knowledge and hence we would need 45 together.

Also, 1 defines a variable and 2 mentions what economists did to deal with it. Hence 12 too must be together.

So we are left with options C and D.

2 has a phrase ‘this non-rational for of knowledge’ in which ‘this’ again refers to Entrepreneurial knowledge.

Hence the flow of the passage has to be from 4 to 2. Hence option D is the correct answer.

Example 7

1). The impetus for change in cargo handling, after years of operational inefficiency has come from new private sector facilitators.

2). Other ports, both major and minor, have spurred into action.

3). And the government agrees this is having a cascading effect on the functioning of other ports.

4). In terms of cargo handling efficiency, some of India’s ports have lately undergone a sea change.

  1. 1324
  2. 4132
  3. 4213
  4. 4312

Solution: Option(B) is correct.

4 has to be starting statement as it introduces the topic. 13 forms a mandatory pair as ‘this’ of 3 indicates the ‘new private sector … of 1’.

The correct answer is option B.

Example 8

1). The credit rating agencies use legions of high trained analyst with access to top management.

2). Their meticulous reports giving ratings for corporate bonds are designed to give an accurate picture of the bonds riskiness and ultimately the probability of default.

3). Lately, the credit-rating agencies have struggled to keep up.

4). It seems a bond rating tells you even less about the price that investors are willing to pay.

5). In 1999 two-third of the debt rated triple B by standard and poor was priced within 20 basis points of the average bond with the same rating.

  1. 45123
  2. 34215
  3. 12345
  4. 23415

Solution: Option(C) is correct.

12 is a mandatory pair with ‘agencies-their’. 34 follow with the negative impact.

Example 9

1). In the US about 12 million people are homeless, one-third of the people cannot afford primary health care, 20 percent of the children live below the poverty line, and about 23 percent of the people are illiterate with no

security of either job or life.

2). In capitalism, wealth is concentrated in the hands of a few.

3). In the West, men are only capable of seeing the external aspects of things.

4). The resultant deprivations are variable even in the developed countries.

5). The domination of the capitalist class today is justified in the name of economic growth and population efficiency.

  1. 23154
  2. 24135
  3. 24315
  4. 13245

Solution: Option(B) is correct.

‘1’ can be the first sentence but ‘teacher preparation’ is not the subject of the paragraph; ”overhaul of the educational system”, as stated in 2, is the subject. Hence 2 the first sentence. 3 cannot follow 2 since ‘it’ in 3 does not have any reference in 2. ‘Tough proposition’ in 3 is referred to ‘the development’ in 1. Hence 13 is the logical pair.

Example 10

1). Since independence, every political party has played communal card whenever election time draws near.

2). In fact, the caste and communal cards have been fine-tuned to an art form in the political games that are played in this country.

3). This was seen when the Youth Congress(I) goons were given a free hand to terrorise Sikhs all over the country after Indira Gandhi’s assassination.

4). When each party carefully selects political candidates on the basis of religion or caste, it is encouraging and continuing the divide-and-rule tactics of its colonial masters.

5). And no political party can absolve itself on this count; worse, political parties take on board hoodlums and gangsters who use their clout in political circles to settle scores and extract money.

  1. 32514
  2. 13254
  3. 14253
  4. 14235

Solution: Option(C) is correct.

2 cannot start the paragraph as it begin with ‘in fact’. 3 cannot begin the para since it starts with a pronoun ‘this’. Hence 1 begins the paragraph. 4 follows 1- 1 talks of ‘communal card’ and 4 refers to ‘religion or caste’. 35 is illogical as 3 cities an example to what is stated in 5 and so cannot follow 5.

Example 11

1). The trade union declared a strike.

2). Unemployment touched 20 per cent.

3). The finance minister put a cap of $ 2000 a month on cash withdrawals.

4). The Argentines withdrew 2.3$ billion from their bank accounts.

  1. 3214
  2. 4312
  3. 3421
  4. 4321

Solution: Option(D) is correct

43 and 21 form a logical pairs. 3 follows 4 as the consequences (cap of withdrawals) follows the action ($ 2.3 withdrawal); and the same logic applies to 1 following 2.

Example 12

1). Of course, sitting out in the country I possessed less information than anyone else at headquarters about was going on, but they called me anyway.

2). But as soon I arrived at my country house, the telephone began ringing.

3). And it kept right on ringing with questions from people back at the office about the most mundane matters.

4). In the summer of 1992, the first year I became president of XYZ, I decided to take a two-week vacation.

  1. 4213
  2. 4312
  3. 4123
  4. 4231

Solution: Option(D) is correct.

Since all options begin with 4, 4 is the opening statement. ’23’ also form a mandatory pair as ‘it’ in 3 refers to the telephone mentioned in statement 2.

Example 13

1). More organisations today seek a transformation in their businesses, yet most of them think of and talk about managing change.

2). Change is characterised by ‘reactivity’. Most of us live in the domain of change both as individuals and as organisations.

3). The characteristics of transformation are positive and actually creative. They stem from a new found sense of purposefulness, once a higher purpose is discovered.

4). The implications of this conflict will not be fully appreciated until we learn to distinguish between change and transformation.

5). Clearly, we all aspire to live in the domain of transformation even if we presently are in the domain of change.

  1. 13245
  2. 13425
  3. 14235
  4. 15243

Solution: Option(C) is correct

1 is clearly the opening statement and 5 is the closing statement. 4 explains 1.

Example 14

1). Its cargo consisted of 38 sacks of spices and Magellan himself had been hacked to pieces on the beach of Mactan in the Phillipines

2). So contrary to popular belief it was the crew of the Victoria who were the first men to have sailed around the globe.

3). In September 1522 Victoria, the sole survivor of the Armada, limped into the Spanish port San Lucar, manned by a skeleton crew of 15, so weak they could not talk.

4). In September 1519 the Armada de Molucca of five ships and 250 sailors has set out from San lucar de Barrameda under the command of Fernando de Magellan.

5). It was to sail to the spice islands of the Malayan Archipelago where they were to exchange an assortment of bells, mirrors and scissors for cinnamon and cloves.

  1. 45312
  2. 15432
  3. 34512
  4. 45123

Solution: Option(A) is correct

We can see its written Magellan in sentence 1 whereas Fernando de Magellan in sentence 4 therefore sentence 1 will come after sentence 4.

Sentence 1 cannot be the starting sentence as its describes the cargo

but not about who’s cargo is it?

Sentence 2 cannot be starting sentence also as it indicates continuation of a similar idea. It will come after its supporting sentence.

Furthermore we can see its written armada in sentence 3 where as full form armada de molluca is written in sentence 4 therefore 3 will come after 4. this rules out option C.

4 will be the starting sentence here and 5 will follow 4 as it correctly shows the journey of armada ship. 1 describes the armada and in sentence 5 it is mentioned that he begins his journey.

Therefore option A i.e. 45312 will be the correct answer.

Example 15

1). A good budget is one which makes a sincere attempt to change the policy environment.

2). Government finances are terminally impaired with uncontrolled fiscal deficits.

3). There are big gaps in perception and capability of managers.

4). Industry too is not ready to deliver growth, should even the government pursue the right policies.

5). The current reforms pace is too slow.

6). The fiscal deficit has deteriorated.

  1. 214356
  2. 512346
  3. 654321
  4. 143256

Solution: Option(C) is correct.

’54’ makes a mandatory pairs as they are linked with the word ‘too’.

This pair is present in option C only.

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